Body Fat Distribution and the Risk of Incident Metabolic Syndrome.

A new study published in Scientific Reports aimed to evaluate the effects of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) on the incidence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and its components in a large and healthy Asian population. It was observed that the VAT area was significantly associated with a higher incidence of MS. Whereas, the SAT area could not be correlated to the incidence of MS. Additionally, the VAT area was found to be longitudinally associated with the incidence of each component of MS; while the SAT area was inversely associated with the risk of high blood pressure, fasting blood sugar, and triglycerides with marginal significance. Thus, it was concluded that the VAT area is longitudinally associated with an increased risk of incident MS. The SAT may have a protective effect against the incidence of individual MS components.1

Reference 1. Kwon H, Kim D, Kim J. Body Fat Distribution and the Risk of Incident Metabolic Syndrome: A Longitudinal Cohort Study. Scientific Reports. 2017;7(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-017-09723-y.